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Meaning of Abiotic and Biotic Components

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Meaning of Abiotic Components:-

Abiotic components are the most important part of the environment without which biological components on the Earth cannot be functional. Abiotic components in ecology and biology are the physical parts of the non-living chemical environment, which affect the mechanisms of living organisms and the ecosystem deep in the earth’s surface.

Inorganic components include all physical conditions and inorganic resources, which affect the development and reproduction process of living life. The biological component of the environment is a special type of setting on the Earth that contributes to different processes on earth.The components of any substance are caused by chemical and physical processes such as hydrolysis.These abiotic factors are also called ecological factors.

The following are the major examples of biological components of the environment: –



  • Wind
  • Rain
  • Humidity
  • Rainfall
  • Nutrients
  • Sunlight
  • PH Value of Soil
  • Atmosphere
  • Availability of Water
  • Pollution
  • Radiation
  • Salinity (Salt in Water)
  • Temperature
  • Latitude

Biotic Components:-

The biotic components on the Earth’s surface can be described as any living component, which affects the ecosystem as well as affects other organisms. One of the major factors of biological components is the human itself. Both types of living organisms are included in this. Those who consume other organisms in the limits of their ecosystem, and the organism that is being consumed.

Every biological component on Earth floor requires proper energy and nutrition to work every day.

Biotic components are divided mainly into three categories:-

  1. Producers, also known as autotrophs, convert energy (through the process of photosynthesis) into food.
  2. Consumers, also known as heterotrophs, depend upon producers (and occasionally other consumers) for food.
  3.  Decomposers, also known as detritivores, break down chemicals from producers and consumers (usually antibiotic) into a simpler form which can be reused.
  • examples of producers:
  • Air plants
  • Apricot mallow
  • Arctic azaleas
  • Arctic moss
  • Arctic poppy
  • Arctic willow
  • Avocado
  • Ball moss
  • Bamboo
  • Banana trees
  • Bear berry
  • Bees – yellow jacket, wasp, honey, carpenter, hornets
  • Big galleta
  • Blue Dicks
  • Bromeliads
  • Bush muhly
  • Caribou moss
  • Cassava
  • Cotton grass
  • Cyanobacteria
  • Desert needle
  • Eel grass
  • Epiphyte
  • Ferns
  • Fluff grass
  • Fremont’s pin cushion
  • Fruit trees – lemon, orange, apple, etc
  • Green algae
  • Green sulfur bacteria
  • Hay
  • Indian rice grass
  • Joshua trees
  • Juniper
  • Lichens
  • Living rocks – Lithops
  • Marsh grass
  • Orchids
  • Owl’s clover
  • Pasque flower
  • Periwinkle
  • Phytoplankton
  • Pines
  • Pinyon pines
  • Purple sulfur bacteria
  • Red algae
  • Red brome
  • Red maids
  • Resurrection fern
  • Rubber trees
  • Shrubs
  • Seaweeds
  • Sedges
  • The corpse lily
  • Turf algae
  • Turfed saxifrage
  • Venus fly traps
  • Vicia cracca
  • Vines
  • White fir
  • Zooxanthellae

Download PDF in Hindi:-Abiotic & Biotic Components

 

  • Examples of Consumers:
  • Acacia ant
  • American alligator
  • Anteater
  • Arctic bumblebees
  • Arctic ground squirrel
  • Arctic hare
  • Arctic peregrine falcon
  • Arctic shrews
  • Arctic wolf
  • Badger
  • Barracuda
  • Bass
  • Bats – most
  • Bears – black, American, Asian, grizzly, Kodiak,sun, Polar
  • Bighorn sheep
  • Bobcats
  • Cactus wrens
  • Canada goose
  • Caribou
  • Catfish
  • Cattle – zebu, taurine, sanga, dwarf lulu, chianina, brown
  • Swiss Cheetah
  • Chimpanzee
  • Chuckwalla
  • Crab
  • Colobus monkey
  • Common kingsnake
  • Cougar
  • Coyote
  • Crocodile
  • Dall sheep
  • Desert tortoise
  • Dingo
  • Dolphins – Chinese River, Amazon River, Baiji, Ganges and Indus River
  • Dunlin flavus
  • Eagles – bald, harpy, golden, crested, white tailed
  • Electric rays
  • Elephants
  • Fox – Arctic, red, crab eating, fennec
  • Giant Pacific octopus
  • Goatfish
  • Golden lion
  • Grass shrimp
  • Green crab
  • Green sea turtle
  • Groupers – white, black, giant, Nassau Harlequin duck
  • Harp seals
  • Herring gull
  • Humans
  • Humming birds
  • Jackrabbits
  • Jaguar
  • Krill
  • Lemmings
  • Lemurs
  • Leopards – clouded, snow, sunda clouded
  • Liver tape worm
  • Lobster
  • Loris
  • Lynx

 

  • Examples of Composers
    • Bacteria – streptomyces, penicillum, bacillus, aspergillus
    • Beach flies
    • Clams
    • Cockroaches
    • Crabs
    • Earthworms
    • Flat worms
    • Flies
    • Freshwater shrimp
    • Fungi – mushrooms
    • Lobsters
    • Macrofauna
    • Mesofauna
    • Microbes
    • Microfauna
    • Protozoans
    • Shelf fungus
    • Slugs
    • Snails
    • Termites
    • Wasps

 

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