THE ADRIATIC SEA (in Italian “Blemish Adriatico,” in Serbian “Jadransko more”) is a northwest-to-southeast arm of the MEDITERRANEAN SEA. The ocean isolates the Italian landmass from the Austro-Hungarian, Montenegrin, and Albanian littorals, and the Italian Apennine Mountains from the Balkan Dinaric Alps. The western coast is Italian and the eastern involves Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro, and Albania. The name gets from the Italian town of Adria (Hadria), assigning in early memorable occasions the ocean’s upper bit. The term was later stretched out topographically toward the south.
The Adriatic has a complete surface region of around 60,000 square mi (160,000 square km), with a most extreme length of around 480 mi (770 km) and a width of almost 100 mi (160 km); in any case, the Strait of Otranto, interfacing the Adriatic and the Ionian Sea toward the south, is 45 mi (72 km) in expansiveness. The mean profundity is 133 distances (240 m), however the northern part of the Adriatic is shallowest between the southern projection of Istria and Rimini (around 25 understands or 46 m), where the low Italian littoral converges in the northwest into bogs and tidal ponds along the delta of the Po River. The freshwater Po and Adige are the real waterways streaming into the saline Adriatic and record for considerable silting. The Po’s residue expanded the coastline for 2 mi or 3.2 km inside the most recent two centuries.
The zone among Šibenik and Ortona (Croatia and ITALY) surpasses 100 spans (180 m) inside and out, however west of Durrës (Albania) and south of Dubrovnik (Croatia), the bowl surpasses 500 distances (900 m). The rough east coast has many long and thin islands with the long tomahawks lying parallel to the territory coast and rises of a couple of hundred feet; bigger islands, for example, Brac have heights of 2,552 ft (778 m). There are in excess of 1,000 islands in the Adriatic, albeit just 66 are possessed, strikingly close Venice (Italy), and Trieste (Italy). Because of eutrophication and insignificant tidal stream, making the ocean a shallow, shut framework, the Adriatic has eminent water and air contamination yet remains a vital the travel industry and angling district.
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